Sinusitis is a condition characterized by sinus infection of children and occurs most often as a result a cold or flu. It is a frequent affection that does not always require medical treatment, but which may create complications if not diagnosed and properly cared for. If your child laments that he got a headache, exhibit symptoms of colds and feel pain and pressure in the forehead, above the eyes, it is possible to suffer from sinusitis.
Causes of sinusitis in children
Sinuses are localized at the cranial level and represents four cavities or spaces full of air. They are lined with a mucous membrane. The mucus that flows through them are by consistency of nasal and is designed to clean and remove bacteria from the air we breathe. When these places become infected, sinuses become inflamed and causes the sinusitis. The causes are either bacterial or viral.
The most common cause of the disease is the bacterial infection. For that bacterium to grow and multiply in sinuses, there must be an enabling environment. Therefore, we believe that sinusitis is often triggered by a cold when sinuses are vulnerable to infection.
Colds determine inflammation of the nasal mucosa and fluid or mucus remains captive in the sinuses. Bacteria grow and multiply in a moist environment and causes sinusitis.
Exists and several risk factors that can cause sinusitis in children:
exposure to irritating chemicals (the swimming pool);
- runny noses;
- polyps big or large allow blocking the tract of nasal sinuses;
- passive smoking.
Symptoms of sinusitis in children
Symptoms are very similar to those of a cold, but there are several features which betray him. If your child manifests 1-2 symptoms from the following list is likely to have the sinusitis:
- stuffy nose (breathing through the mouth);
- thick nasal secretions,yellow or green;
- facial pain or sensation of pressure in the forehead (especially in the area above the eyes - frontal sinuses - or in the space between the eyebrows);
- swelling of the area beneath and above the eyes;
- halitosis or bad breath;
- possible toothache;
- fever, especially to bacterial sinusitis.
Treatment of sinusitis in children
Most cases of sinusitis in children does not require any kind of treatment. Pain and inflammation go by itself within a few days later from the trigger of symptoms.
When symptoms persist and the child's condition is worsening, it is advisable to interfere therapeutically.
The therapeutic conduct aims especially reducing inflammation, treating infection , drainage and maintaining open sinuses.
Treatment prescribed depends almost entirely of the cause that triggered the disease - virus or bacterium.
In case of bacterial sinusitis the doctor prescribes antibiotics, but the viral cannot be cured in the same way. In addition to antibiotics, doctors could prescribe a series of antihistamines and decongestants in order to relieve symptoms that cause strong discomfort to child.
In the situation where the sinusitis of child has a viral cause, the therapeutic purpose is to relieve discomfort and ameliorate symptoms. Therapeutic measures are similar to those for colds, children needing rest, intense hydration, painkillers to pain, hot compresses or decongestants.