Pansinusitis can be explained by several factors: allergies to hair of animals, the mites, pollen, fungi or other substances that can cause inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
Other possible factors:
»Smoking (active or passive)
»Weakened immune system
»Anatomic anomaly: a deviated nasal septum
»Facial trauma that causes an obstruction of one or more sinuses
Signs and symptoms
»Facial pain (above the eyebrows, teeth, around the eyes and behind them)
»Painful sensation of pressure in the sinus
»Yellow or green nasal discharge, purulent if a bacterial infection. If secretions are clear, it is a cold (in this case antibiotics are not useful)
»Grade fever and malaise
»Diminution or loss of sense of smell
In case of chronic pansinusitis symptoms are the same, but it takes a long time (over 6 weeks).
Causes and risk factors
Acute sinusitis is often the result of a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, but allergens (substances that cause allergies) or pollutants may also be causes of acute sinusitis.
Bacteria responsible for acute pansinusitis is Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. These microorganisms, along with Staphylococcus aureus and anaerobic bacteria responsible for chronic sinusitis.
Fungi leads to the appearance of chronic pansinusitis especially in patients with diseases affecting the immune system (AIDS, leukemia, diabetes).
- An infection of the upper respiratory tract (the main factor)
- Smoking (active or passive)
- Wet or polluted living environment
- Age. Although sinusitis sometimes occurs in infants and young children, it is more common among adults. Sinuses are formed progressively until age 12.
- Personal history of sinusitis
- Respiratory allergies (allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma)
- Congenital nasal or sinus - that causes blockage of the latter
- Nasal polyps
- Diseases affecting the immune system (leukemia, AIDS, diabetes)
- Cystic fibrosis
Measures to prevent acute or pansinusitis
Some measures can reduce the risk of contracting an infection of the upper respiratory tract, or suffer from chronic pansinusitis:
-Hay fever can be prevented by simple measures: wash hands carefully, avoiding contact with sick people.
-Allergies can be prevented by avoiding exposure to possible allergens (pets, pollen, fungi) and conventional pollutants.
-Immune system through a balanced lifestyle, in terms of stress levels, physical activity, diet.
-Quitting smoking and avoiding exposure to cigarette smoke, which irritates the sinuses
-Avoid using decongestants in the form of nasal sprays for more than 3 days. These topical decongestants are not without risks, because the nasal mucosa may be affected after a very long applications of these products. This rebound phenomena was observed after long use - recurrence of symptoms at end of treatment to be removed. Rebound is less severe when oral decongestants.
Measures to prevent complications Consulting physician for accurate diagnosis and taking action to treat sinusitis generally allow preventing complications (meningitis, osteomyelitis, etc.).
These signs indicative of complications:
- Disturbances of vision (sometimes double vision)
- Congestion of the eyes
- Changes in consciousness
Choosing appropriate antibiotics, adequate spectrum etiology of infection (eg, amoxicillin), reduces the risk of infectious colitis associated with taking antibiotics